70 percent of AL is Timberland, Auburn, AL pine forest in sunlight at summer, sunset with rays

Alabama Timberland

Who owns Alabama’s timberland, and why should we care?

For starters, roughly 70 percent of Alabama is timberland, totaling 22.9 million acres (Hartsell 2014).  Almost all (94 percent) of this land is privately owned by a changing mixture of individuals, families, and corporations (Hartsell and Cooper 2013). We cannot understand Alabama, and particularly rural Alabama, without understanding the dominant role that forestry plays in this state’s economy.

Since 1992, researchers in the Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station have worked to understand how the extensive nature of Alabama’s timberlands and the dominant presence of the state’s forest products industry have shaped rural Alabama. A substantial body of social forestry research has been developed on this topic.

Much of this research in Alabama has confirmed findings from other parts of the country and world that rural areas dependent on natural resources for their livelihoods are likely to suffer relative poverty compared with rural areas not so dependent.


Total acres of land in Alabama, AL, USA.

19,647,337 Acres
Total Private Timberland

2,627,942 ACRES
Owned by top ten PRIVATE owners

20.4% Alabama Timberland
Owned by Top 30 Private Owners

59% Total Absentee Owned


TOP 30 OWNERS
RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SERVICES 605,096
WEYERHAEUSER COMPANY 331,911
WESTERVELT COMPANY 316,737
HANCOCK JOHN LIFE INSURANCE CO 315,412
RAYONIER 289,797
CEDAR CREEK LAND & TIMBER INC 181,888
UNITED STATES STEEL CORPORATION 170,643
SOTERRA LLC 143,016
THE HARRIGAN TIMBERLANDS 144,564
DUDLEY LUMBER CO INC 128,878
ALAWEST-AL, LLC 126,244
GMO THRESHOLD TIMBER LAND COMPANY LLC 120,420
PDS COMPANIES 113,738
REGIONS TIMBERLAND GROUP 99,767
McDONALDS INVESTMENT 89,581
 TENSAW LAND & TIMBER CO. 88,173
 AMSOUTH TIMBER COMPANY & Amsouth related 85,385
PLUM CREEK TIMBERLANDS L P 82,894
FOREST INVESTMENT ASSOCIATES 82,849
WELLS FARGO 74,597
TIMBERVEST 65,662
ALABAMA POWER COMPANY 61,137
MCMILLAN D.W. TRUST 45,567
SEVEN STATES TIMBERLANDS L L C 43,730
GULF STATES PAPER CORPORATION 41,483
DRUMMOND COAL, INC 34,993
DELANEY DEVELOPMENT INC 33,694
TIMBERLAND INVESTMENTS RESOURCES 30,839
MWV-LAND SALES INC 30,451
CAMPBELL TIMBER  LLC 29,871

Please select a particular county to read more about: privately owned timberland property, total acres of land, timberland investment management organizations (TIMO), largest ownership entities, out-of-state absentee owners, international owners and more.

State of Alabama, USA, county map.


Autauga County, AL

Total acres in county: 381,400
Total private timberland acres: 274,344
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 71.9%
Total timberland absentee owned: 41.8%

Top Ten Owners
acres
% of total
RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SERVICES 72,136 26.3%
CHEHA TIMBER 7,509 2.7%
AMSOUTH TIMBER CO TE 5,415 2.0%
SUSTAINABLE FORESTS LLC 4,039 1.5%
THE WINDERMERE ALABAMA LANDS 1,899 0.7%
GREY ROCKS RANCH 1,829 0.7%
FISCHER JR 1,666 0.6%
PEACE PROPERTIES 1,463 0.5%
PRATTVILLE DEVELOPMENT GROUP 846 0.3%
FORRESTOR LAND LLC 237 0.1%
 –
Top 5 90,997 33.2%
Top 10 97,038 35.4%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 35%

BALDWIN COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 1,021,800
Total private timberland acres: 598,965
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 58.6%
Total timberland absentee owned: 73.9%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
RED MOUNTAIN TIMBERCO IV LLC 77,003 12.9%
SEVEN STATES TIMBERLANDS LLC 41,378 6.9%
RAYONIER FOREST RESOURCES LP 27,980 4.7%
AMSOUTH BANK NA, TRUST DEPARTMENT 17,055 2.8%
REGIONS BANK 15,956 2.7%
TIMBERVEST PARTNERS II ALABAMA LLC 12,134 2.0%
KEY, JACK B III (15.893% INT) ETAL KEY 9,968 1.7%
FIGURE 8 (ALABAMA) LLC 7,142 1.2%
BRADLEY FAMILY TIMBERLANDS LP 6,650 1.1%
MONTPELIER PROPERTIES LTD 5,162 0.9%
 –
Top 5 179,371 29.9%
Top 10 220,427 36.8%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 57.1%

BARBOUR COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 566,400
Total private timberland acres: 405,079
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 71.5%
Total timberland absentee owned: 56.8%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
TIMBERLANDS II, LLC 15,246 3.8%
SLAWSON  LANDS LLC 12,345 3.0%
RMACK LLC 11,830 2.9%
PLUM CREEK 10,814 2.7%
BRACEWELL FAMILY PARTNERSHIP 10,006 2.5%
DUDLEY LUMBER CO., INC. 9,529 2.4%
AZIMUTH RESOURCES LLC 7,416 1.8%
MWV-LAND SALES INC 6,158 1.5%
RED MOUNTAIN TIMBERLAND CO. I LLC 4,969 1.2%
HARRIS TRUST AND SAVINGS BANK 4,669 1.2%
 –
Top 5 60,241 14.9%
Top 10 220,427 23.0%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 28.7%

BIBB COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 398,300
Total private timberland acres: 297,536
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 74.7%
Total timberland absentee owned: 67.2%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
THE WESTERVELT COMPANY 38,275 12.9%
RED MOUNTAIN TIMBERCO I LLC 37,146 12.5%
UNITED STATES STEEL CORP. 20,270 6.8%
HEADWATERS INVESTMENTS CORP 8,178 2.7%
JOHN HANCOCK LIFE INSURANCE GM 9,926 3.3%
AMSOUTH TIMBER COMPANY TE LLC 4,643 1.6%
HORNSBY FAMILY LIMITED 4,543 1.5%
CASE LLC 3,942 1.3%
CAHABA FARM LLC 3,638 1.2%
BELCHER FARM & TIMBER LLC 2,752 0.9%
Top 5 113,796 38.2%
Top 10 133,313 44.8%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 47.9%

BLOUNT COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 413,200
Total private timberland acres: 216,167
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 52.3%
Total timberland absentee owned: 56.2%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
SOTERRA LLC 5,618 2.6%
COMMONWEALTH FOREST INVESTMENTS INC 4,215 1.9%
DRENNEN LAND AND TIMBER LTD PARTNERSHIP 4,043 1.9%
FREEMAN FIVE, LLC 2,800 1.3%
TD FARMS, LLC 2,700 1.2%
GOLDEN ROD FARMS INCORPORATED 2,107 1.0%
ALAWEST-AL, LLC 1,939 0.9%
BLUE EAGLE FARMS, LLC 1,832 0.8%
MC EWEN DEVELOPMENT COMPANY, LLC 1,743 0.8%
CHENEY LIME & CEMENT COMPANY, INC 1,695 0.8%
Top 5 19,376 9.0%
Top 10 28,692 13.3%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 59.9%

BULLOCK COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 400,000
Total private timberland acres: 216,167
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 54%
Total timberland absentee owned: 71.7%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
RED MOUNTAIN TIMBERCO I LLC 36070.14 12.78%
TANYARD PROPERTIES, INC. 19787.25 7.01%
SEDGEFIELDS LLC 7909.54 2.80%
THREE NOTCH FARM LLC 6024 2.14%
TURKEY TROT/MIDWAY ALABAMA LP 5732.65 2.03%
BERMUDA FARMS, LLC 4773.5 1.69%
GRISWOLD, VICTOR MICHAEL, DIAN 4517.71 1.60%
GIBSON, WILEY T. JR 4359 1.54%
SLAWSON LANDS, LLC 2382.96 0.84%
PEACHBURG PLANTATION LTD 2358.8 0.84%
Top 5 75,523.6 34.94%
Top 10 93,915.6 43.45%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 36.07%

BUTLER COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 497,200
Total private timberland acres: 396,433
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 79.7%
Total timberland absentee owned: 49.8%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
RED MOUNTAIN TIMBER CO I LLC 133,448 33.7%
RAYONIER TIMBERLANDS OPERATING COMPANY L 12,041 3.0%
TISDALE GEORGE GREEN 7,119 1.8%
MCGOWIN SUSAN (38%) & REGIONS BANK (62%) 5,293 1.3%
WEYERHAEUSER INC 4,917 1.2%
CRENSHAW T H ESTATE LP 4,719 1.2%
THIGPEN HILL LLC 4,403 1.1%
CEDAR CREEK LANDS LTD 3,067 0.8%
ECP LLC 2,831 0.7%
REGIONS BANK TRUST B MILLER BETTIE STALL 2,657 0.7%
Top 5 162,819 41.07%
Top 10 180,496 45.5%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 48%

CALHOUN COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 389,400
Total private timberland acres: 137,024
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 35.2%
Total timberland absentee owned: 41.7%

TOP FIVE OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
HANCOCK JOHN LIFE INSURANCE CO 10,989 8.0%
HUBBARD JANE C 2,373 1.7%
HEADWATERS INVESTMENTS CORPORATION 2,301 1.7%
STEED TIMBER INC 2,059 1.5%
MILLER FARMS LIMITED PARTNERSHIP LLP 1,823 1.3%
COOSA PINES LLC 905 0.7%
Top 5 19,545 14.3%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 14.3%

CHAMBERS COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 382,300
Total private timberland acres: 294,849
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 77.1%
Total timberland absentee owned: 70.9%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
DUDLEY LUMBER COMPANY 28,757 9.8%
TIMBERLANDS II, LLC 14,745 5.0%
LANGLEY FAMILY 11,071 3.8%
HENNON KING PROPERTIES LLC 7,622 2.6%
KING FAMILY PROPERTYS 5,664 1.9%
JIMMY GRAVES TREE FARMS INC. 3,317 1.1%
TORBERT FAMILY LANDS 3,168 1.1%
JOHNSON TIMBER COMPANY 1,347 0.5%
PLUM CREEK TIMBERLANDS 969 0.3%
MWV-LAND SALES 629 0.2%
Top 5 67,860 23.0%
Top 10 77,290 26.2%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 25.7%

CHEROKEE COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 354,000
Total private timberland acres: 148,244
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 41.9%
Total timberland absentee owned: 68.7%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
CROWN PINE REALTY 4 INC 13,964 9.4%
HANCOCK TIMBERLAND VIII INC 9,265 6.2%
PLUM CREEK TIMBERLANDS L P 7,688 5.2%
WILLIS GERALD & FRANCES 4,332 2.9%
CASH EDWARD EDMOND & MAX G 3,196 2.2%
COOSA PINES LLC 2,686 1.8%
PDS COMPANIES 2,002 1.4%
FORESTAR USA REAL ESTATE GROUP INC 1,665 1.1%
HENDERSON DAVID C 1,612 1.1%
HURLEY LARRY 1,523 1.0%
Top 5 38,445 25.9%
Top 10 47,931 32.3%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 55.6%

CHILTON COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 444,200
Total private timberland acres: 290,106
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 65.3%
Total timberland absentee owned: 63.4%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
RED MOUNTAIN TIMBER CO I LLC 26,161 9.0%
JOHN HANCOCK LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY 13,086 4.5%
THE WESTERVELT COMPANY INC 8,889 3.1%
MILLER E S ESTATE 3,390 1.2%
RMS TIMBERLANDS LLC 3,246 1.1%
PARNELL INC 2,938 1.0%
WHITE OAK VALLEY LAND & GAME LLC 2,665 0.9%
HARPER LUMBER L L C 2,464 0.8%
HEADWATERS INVESTMENTS CORP 2,347 0.8%
MILLENNIUM LAND LLC 2,266 0.8%
Top 5 54,772 18.9%
Top 10 67,452 23.3%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 46.2%

CHOCTAW COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 584,700
Total private timberland acres: 524,604
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 89.7%
Total timberland absentee owned: 51.6%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
L A TIMBERLANDS LLC 31,497 6.0%
SOUTH ALABAMA LAND & TIMBER COMPANY INC 30,344 5.8%
MCPHEARSON LEE 13,788 2.6%
WEYERHAUSER COMPANY 10,517 2.0%
UTSEY WILLIAM L ETUX TREOBYE B 8,709 1.7%
LANIER AND LANIER ENTERPRISES LTD 8,321 1.6%
TRIAD INVESTMENTS LTD 8,127 1.5%
THE JULIAN WATTERS III TRUST 6,528 1.2%
UNIVERSITY OF SO ALABAMA FOUNDATION 5,681 1.1%
JOHN HANCOCK MUTUAL LIFE INS CO 5,333 1.0%
Top 5  94,855 18.1%
Top 10 128,845 24.6%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 47.1%

CLARKE COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 792,600
Total private timberland acres: 681,992
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 86%
Total timberland absentee owned: 44.3%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
THE HARRIGAN TIMBERLANDS 135,261 19.8%
C/O PDS COMPANIES 32,068 4.7%
SOTERRA LLC 26,522 3.9%
WHITE SMITH LAND COMPANY INC 23,028 3.4%
BRANNAN, KATHERINE G EXEC ETAL 11,969 1.8%
WEYERHAEUSER COMPANY 9,142 1.3%
DIVERSIFIED OPERATIONS CO INC 7,990 1.2%
BRENDA GRAY TIMBER LLC 6,610 1.0%
WILLIAM F MCCORQUODALE FAMILY 5,920 0.9%
LONESOME PINE LLC (1/2) AND 5,773 0.8%
Top 5 228,848 33.6%
Top 10 264,283 33.8%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 52.6%

CLAY COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 387,300
Total private timberland acres: 243,080
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 62.8%
Total timberland absentee owned: 75.6%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
JOHN HANCOCK LIFE INS-FORESTREE V 40,819 16.8%
HEADWATERS INVESTMENTS CORPORATION 7,628 3.1%
EVERGREEN FOREST LLC 3,371 1.4%
CLEVELAND FARMS INC. 3,148 1.3%
DUDLEY LUMBER CO 3,009 1.2%
TALIAFERRO MARK JR. 2,293 0.9%
WOIKA SUZZANE PRUET 2,200 0.9%
STURGI LIMITED 2,153 0.9%
MURPHY NANCY LYNN PRUET 2,054 0.8%
WELLBORN FAMILY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP 1,532 0.6%
Top 5 57,975 23.9%
Top 10 68,206 28.1%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 31.9%

CLEBURNE COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 358,500
Total private timberland acres: 199,532
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 55.7%
Total timberland absentee owned: 59.6%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
HANCOCK TIMBER VIII INCORPORATED 27,157 13.6%
CROWN PINE TIMBER 4, L.P. 11,844 5.9%
PFI TIMBERFUND I, LP 9,962 5.0%
HEADWATERS INVESTMENTS CORP 8,537 4.3%
PLUM CREEK TIMBERLANDS L.P. 5,235 2.6%
DAVIS FLOYD CALVIN 2,920 1.5%
BENNETT JACQUELINE 1,981 1.0%
JAMESTOWN TIMBER 1, L.P. 1,948 1.0%
RIGSBY ROBERT E & JEANNE S 1,316 0.7%
HENRY S MILLER JR FAMILY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP 1 1,145 0.6%
Top 5 62,734 31.4%
Top 10 72,044 36.1%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 36.7%

COFFEE COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 434,700
Total private timberland acres: 280,211
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 64.5%
Total timberland absentee owned: 43.8%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
FLACK MARITAL TRUST & FLACK ELEANOR E TR 22,247 7.94%
RAYONIER WOODLANDS LLC 13,692 4.9%
TIMBERVEST PARTNERS II ALABAMA LLC 5,049 1.8%
POWELL ROLAND E 4,565 1.6%
BRYARS A B JR 3,301 1.2%
PITTMAN PROPERTIES LLC 2,048 0.7%
LINDSEY G A 1,707 0.6%
CLARK FARMS LIMITED PARTNERSHIP 1,678 0.6%
MCCREARY FAMILY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP 1,556 0.6%
GUNTER FAMILY PARTNERSHIP LTD 1,359 0.5%
Top 5 48,853 17.4%
Top 10 57,200 20.4%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 21.3%

COLBERT COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 380,500
Total private timberland acres: 168,277
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 44.2%
Total timberland absentee owned: 55.3%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
PDR COMPANY 13,737 8.2%
GMO THRESHOLD TIMBER COURTLAND LLC 6,442 3.8%
MARTIN, JOHN C 5,162 3.1%
MARTIN TIMBER COMPANY L P 4,167 2.5%
MCCOLLUM TIMBER LLC 2,104 1.3%
HOLLAND, J NOBLE 1,883 1.1%
HIGH POINT TIMBER MANAGEMENT LLC 1,649 1.0%
THE CAMPBELL GROUP 1,354 0.8%
MALONE, DWIGHT & VESTER GENE 1,227 0.7%
TOMLINSON FOREST INC 159008 1,191 0.7%
Top 5 31,612 18.8%
Top 10 38,916 23.1%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 25.8%

CONECUH COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 544,600
Total private timberland acres: 343,576
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 63.1%
Total timberland absentee owned: 87.4%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
CEDAR CREEK LAND & TIMBER INC 48,804 14.2%
RAYONIER TIMBERLANDS OPERATING CO. 37,381 10.9%
MCMILLAN D.W. TRUST 30,600 8.9%
JOHN HANCOCK LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY 28,029 8.2%
RED MOUNTAIN TIMBER CO I LLC 19,333 5.6%
McDONALDS INVESTMENTS S.A. TIMBERLANDS LLC 13,786 4.0%
LOWREY J F B 13,652 4.0%
SOTERRA LLC 8,703 2.5%
REGIONS BANK TRUST C FOR BENEFIT OF 7,249 2.1%
TISDALE GEORGE G. 6,746 2.0%
Top 5 164,147 47.8%
Top 10 214,283 62.4%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 72.8%

COOSA COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 417,600
Total private timberland acres: 367,022
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 87.9%
Total timberland absentee owned: 84.1%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
PDS COMPANIES 39,151 10.7%
JOHN HANCOCK LIFE INSURANCE CO 38,976 10.6%
HEADWATERS INVESTMENTS CORP 17,722 4.8%
RED MOUNTAIN TIMBERCO I LLC 17,379 4.7%
ALABAMA POWER COMPANY 11,042 3.0%
EPPES, W D TRUST 10,731 2.9%
SOUTHEASTERN LAND, LLC 3,167 0.9%
COLLINS, J A 3,115 0.8%
MCDONALD 2004 TIMBER LLC 2,868 0.8%
COOSADA LAND COMPANY INC.*** 2,731 0.7%
Top 5 124,270 33.9%
Top 10 146,881 40.0%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 43.1%

COVINGTON COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 662,200
Total private timberland acres: 412,046
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 62.2%
Total timberland absentee owned: 58.1%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
RAYONIER 106,425 25.8%
DIXON-MOODY & C&G TIMBER 38,862 9.4%
RTG1 L.P. 6,115 1.5%
C AND C PARTNERS L.P. 5,530 1.3%
T IVEY POWELL AND SONS INC. 5,093 1.2%
TIMBERVEST PARTNERS II ALABAMA LLC 4,078 1.0%
RED MOUNTAIN TIMBERCO I, LLC 3,928 1.0%
VICK JOHN E 2,213 0.5%
COVINGTON PROPERTIES 1,906 0.5%
FOSHEE PARTNERSHIP LTD. 1,676 0.4%
Top 5 162,026 39.3%
Top 10 175,827 42.7%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 44.6%

CRENSHAW COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 390,200
Total private timberland acres: 319,816
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 82%
Total timberland absentee owned: 75%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
RAYONIER 32,657 10.2%
RED MOUNTAIN TIMBERLANDS L.P. 29,914 9.4%
PLUM FOREST INC 4,627 1.4%
FOREST INC. 4,218 1.3%
RHA & CPA AND TLA & LSA LLC. 3,647 1.1%
BROWDER GEORGE G. & VICKI S. 3,588 1.1%
SELLERS FAMILY PARTNERSHIP LTD. 3,503 1.1%
FLACK J HUNTER, TRUSTEE 2,927 0.9%
TISDALE GEORGE GREEN 2,170 0.7%
TIMBERVEST PARTNERS II ALA LLC. 2,166 0.7%
Top 5 75,064 23.5%
Top 10 89,418 28.0%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 34.2%

CULLMAN COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 472,600
Total private timberland acres: 161,324
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 34.1%
Total timberland absentee owned: 28.7%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
HDJ LAND & TIMBER LTD 9,909 6.1%
SOTERRA LLC 9,674 6.0%
GOLDEN ROD FARMS INC 4,115 2.6%
DRUMMOND COAL, INC 3,221 2.0%
TINNEY LAND & TIMBER HOLDINGS 3,074 1.9%
ACTION REALTY LLC 1,272 0.8%
AVERETT, THOMAS RANDOLPH 1,038 0.6%
SAWYER FARMS LLC 692 0.4%
WSLAND LLC 577 0.4%
EDGEWATER LAND LLC 387 0.2%
Top 5 29,993 18.6%
Top 10 33,959 21.1%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 20.0%

DALE COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 359,100
Total private timberland acres: 292,118
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 81.3%
Total timberland absentee owned: 44.9%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
PLUM CREEK TIMBER CO. 7,934 2.7%
GRAHAM JAMES B 2,849 1.0%
ESPY BERTHA M 2,327 0.8%
MCLAUGHLIN PROPERTIES LLC 2,038 0.7%
MEZICK DORIS DONNELL 1,986 0.7%
LEAKE TIMBER HOLDINGS TWO LLC 1,759 0.6%
RELATED ACCOUNTS FUND SIX C/O FOREST INVESTMENT ASSOC. 1,563 0.5%
BALDWIN GENE H 1,483 0.5%
HARRIS GEORGE E 1,166 0.4%
Top 5 17,133 5.9%
Top 9 23,104 7.9%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 44.9%

DALLAS COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 627,700
Total private timberland acres: 356,074
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 56.7%
Total timberland absentee owned: 58.0%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
WEYERHAEUSER COMPANY 15,560.0900 4.4%
RED MOUNTAIN TIMBER CO. LLC 14,522.8200 4.1%
MILLER OPHA 8,790.8500 2.5%
HAIN LAND COMPANY 8,619.8500 2.4%
DRUMMOND SCOTT A 5,398.2700 1.5%
ALABAMA POWER CO 5,196.6100 1.5%
AMSOUTH BANK 4,920.5400 1.4%
EDWARDS LANIER J 4,495.4000 1.3%
HINTON JAMES L 4,352.7100 1.2%
P & G TIMBERLANDS LLC 4,147.3200 1.2%
Top 5 52,891.8800 14.9%
Top 10 76,004.4600 21.3%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 33.4%

DEKALB COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 497,900
Total private timberland acres: 183,131
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 36.781%
Total timberland absentee owned: 37.4%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
LITTLE RIVER FARM, LLC 3,039 1.7%
CURRENCE, CHARLES 2,191 1.2%
BROWN, MARY EMILY 1,322 0.7%
BATTELLE GLOVER INVESTMENTS, LLC 1,140 0.6%
PASTURELAND FARMS, LLC 922 0.5%
TENNESSEE RIVER MUSIC, INC 874 0.5%
GLOVER, FREDDY 845 0.5%
FLYNN, CHARLES F & DIANA S 659 0.4%
FRICKS FAMILY PROPERTIES, LLC 634 0.3%
GEK, INC 548 0.3%
Top 5 8,614 4.7%
Top 10 12,174 6.6%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 4.2%

ELMORE COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 397,800
Total private timberland acres: 241,077
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 60.6%
Total timberland absentee owned: 50.4%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
ALABAMA POWER COMPANY 8,777 3.6%
HERRON CHARLES E JR 5,903 2.4%
C/O PDS COMPANIES, REGIONS BANK AS TRUSTEE 5,818 2.4%
MCDONALD 2004 TIMBER LLC 5,728 2.4%
RED MOUNTAIN TIMBERCO I LLC 3,432 1.4%
RUSSELL LANDS INC 3,381 1.4%
JASMINE HILL PROPERTIES LLC 2,569 1.1%
W T DOZIER PARTNERS LTD 2,486 1.0%
RMS TIMBERLANDS LLC 2,360 1.0%
LLOYD’S GREEN ACRE FARMS 1,954 0.8%
Top 5 29,658 12.3%
Top 10 42,408 17.6%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 21.4%

ESCAMBIA COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 606,400
Total private timberland acres: 417,604
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 68.9%
Total timberland absentee owned: 39.4%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
CEDAR CREEK LAND & TIMBER INC 0 29.1%
RED MOUNTAIN TIMBER CO IV LLC 0 8.4%
S A TIMBERLANDS LLC 0 6.8%
RAYONIER FOREST RESOURCES LP 0 4.3%
NALTY LAND AND RESOURCES L L C 0 3.9%
AMSOUTH TIMBER COMPANY TE LLC 0 3.6%
MCMILLAN D W TRUST 0 3.6%
HUXFORD LAND COMPANY LLC 0 3.5%
F.M. NALTY TIMBERLANDS LLC 0 2.3%
NEW FORESTRY LLC 8,763 2.1%
Top 5 218,860 52.4
Top 10 281,967 67.5%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 74.7%

ETOWAH COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 342,300
Total private timberland acres: 112,213
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 32.8%
Total timberland absentee owned: 33.0%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
MARTIN, CATHERINE J 1,722 1.5%
CONSOLIDATED, LTD 1,565 1.4%
COOSA PINES, LLC 1,518 1.4%
SOTERRA INC 1,390 1.2%
MOUNTAIN PRESERVE, LLC 1,167 1.0%
SNEAD FAMILY PARTNERS, LTD 900 0.8%
PRICE, CENDA LOUSIE & REBECCA ANN HICKS 669 0.6%
HEADWATERS INVESTMENTS CORPORATION 608 0.5%
SHANEYFELT, MARY RUTH 576 0.5%
FORESTAR (USA) REAL ESTATE GROUP INC 550 0.5%
Top 5 7,362 6.6%
Top 10 10,665 9.5%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 7.4%

FAYETTE COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 401,800
Total private timberland acres: 345,793
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 86.1%
Total timberland absentee owned: 68.0%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
WEYERHAEUSER COMPANY 28,478 8.2%
TIMBERVEST PARTNERS ALABAMA LLC 9,503 2.7%
ALAWEST AL LLC 7,714 2.2%
SHEPHERD FAMILY PARTNERSHIP LLC 6,672 1.9%
CORRIGAN TLP LLC 4,555 1.3%
GMO THRESHOLD TIMBER COURTLAND LLC 4,499 1.3%
T H ROBERTSON & SONS INC 3,735 1.1%
SOTERRA LLC 3,691 1.1%
CLEVELAND LAND & LUMBER CO 2,838 0.8%
STEED TIMBER CO INC 2,466 0.7%
Top 5 56,922 16.5%
Top 10 74,150 21.4%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 25.6%

FRANKLIN COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 406,800
Total private timberland acres: 360,785
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 88.7%
Total timberland absentee owned: 95.4%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
GMO THRESHOLD TIMBER COURTLAND LLC 41,987 11.6%
RMK REGIONS TIMBERLAND GROUP 31,887 8.8%
WEYERHAEUSER 10,882 3.0%
MONTIS ELIZABETH G & GEORGE P TRUSTEES 6,146 1.7%
LAND ENGERY LTD 4,480 1.2%
PEARCE JAMES & CLARKE TRUST 2,961 0.8%
FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF B’HAM 2,709 0.8%
F OGDEN MMC PROPERTIES LLC 2,002 0.6%
KEITH ANN S 1,769 0.5%
LAUGHLIN  LILLIAN P ET AL. 1,711 0.5%
Top 5 95,381 26.4%
Top 10 106,533 29.5%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 29.9%

GENEVA COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 368,900
Total private timberland acres: 157,224
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 42.6%
Total timberland absentee owned: 51.9%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
SKINNER JARVIS & SUSIE S 2,824 1.8%
TIMBERVEST PARTNERS II ALABAMA LLC 2,686 1.7%
PLUMCREEK TIMBER CO INC 2,398 1.5%
BROOKS FLEMING G 1,236 0.8%
MITCHUMDALE G 1,234 0.8%
CARRWILLIAM H & DEBORAH 1,132 0.7%
BEAVER TRAIL FARMS LLC 968 0.6%
JOHNSON FARMS 964 0.6%
KENNEDY J P JR & JEAN H 962 0.6%
KELLYCOMPANY LLC 921 0.6%
Top 5 10,377 6.6%
Top 10 15,323 9.7%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 7.3%

GREENE COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 413,400
Total private timberland acres: 279,602
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 67.6%
Total timberland absentee owned: 76.9%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
GULF STATES PAPER CORP. 21,168 7.6%
WEYERHAEUSER COMPANY 19,712 7.1%
BRYANT PAUL W 4,752 1.7%
WESTERVELT THE COMPANY INC 4,411 1.6%
J & J TIMBERLAND LLC 3,876 1.4%
STIRLING FAMILY LIMITED 3,458 1.2%
MCGIFFERT JOSEPH H (EST)A 3,417 1.2%
PROPERTIES RIVERBEND LLC 3,087 1.1%
MILLER E S 2,814 1.0%
BETHANY FAMILY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP 2,319 0.8%
Top 5 53,918 19.3%
Top 10 69,013 24.7%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 34.9%

HALE COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 359,600
Total private timberland acres: 261,316
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 72.7%
Total timberland absentee owned: 74.8%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
GULF STATES PAPER CORPORATION 13,648 5.2%
MILLER, E. S. ESTATE 10,441 4.0%
BUCHANAN LAND COMPANY, INC 8,988 3.4%
RMS TIMBERLANDS LLC 8,610 3.3%
LICHTMAN, CHARLES & EFFIE 8,344 3.2%
SUDDUTH, WILLIAM D. 3,587 1.4%
EBSCO INDUSTRIES INC. 3,160 1.2%
ALAWEST-AL, LLC 2,774 1.1%
MILLWOOD, L.L.C. 2,598 1.0%
WEYERHAEUSER COMPANY 2,136 0.8%
Top 5 50,031 19.1%
Top 10 64,286 24.6%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 30.4%

HENRY COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 359,600
Total private timberland acres: 198,055
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 55.1%
Total timberland absentee owned: 54.6%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
PLUM CREEK TIMBERLANDS L P 10,612 0
TIMBERLANDS II LLC   C/O 4,279 0
STOKES ANGELIA R 3,545 0
ESPY C H & 2,853 0
KENNEDY THOMAS & ELAINE 2,226 0
A W HERNDON RESIDUARY TRUST 2,105 0
MARION OATES LEITER CHARLES REVOCABLE TR 1,970 0
ESPY MERCANTILE CO 1,758 0
CRAMER INVESTMENTS LLC 1,648 0
SLAWSON LANDS LLC 1,557 0
Top 5 23,514 11.9%
Top 10 32,553 16.4%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 23.3%

HOUSTON COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 371,500
Total private timberland acres: 122,651
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 33.0%
Total timberland absentee owned: 36.4%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
MCCALLISTER CHARLES JERRY 2,490.7 2.0%
WILLOUGHBY BARTON & KAREN D 2,367.1 1.9%
ODOM FAMILY L P 2,114.6 1.7%
SOLOMON FARMS LTD 1,646.7 1.3%
ESPY C H 1,249.9 1.0%
FITCH FRANK 1,164.7 0.9%
MIXON ANDREW CLAY 1,148.6 0.9%
SEAHOSS FARMS LLC 1,080.9 0.9%
FIA TIMBER GROWTH MASTER LLC 1,002.7 0.8%
MEADOWS JOHN W 948.4 0.8%
Top 5 9,869.0 8.0%
Top 10 15,214.4 12.4%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 11.6%

JACKSON COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 690,400
Total private timberland acres: 235,493
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 34.1%
Total timberland absentee owned: 34.6%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
STEVENSON LAND COMPANY LLC 20,916 8.9%
REYNOLDS MACK 9,389 4.0%
GARNER PROPERTIES LLC 8,296 3.5%
KELLER RAY 6,146 2.6%
IKL PROPERTIES LLC 4,062 1.7%
JONES RAYMOND B 2,667 1.1%
PAINT ROCK LLC 1,987 0.8%
SECTION GIN & GRAIN INC 1,954 0.8%
THE MILLER FAMILY TRUST 1,610 0.7%
THURBER ROBERT E & ELEANOR 1,371 0.6%
Top 5 48,010 20.7%
Top 10 58,398 24.8%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 26.6%

JEFFERSON COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 712,100
Total private timberland acres: 242,960
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 34.1%
Total timberland absentee owned: 71.9%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
UNITED STATES STEEL CORP 76,344 31.4%
ALAWEST-AL LLC 26,140 10.8%
DRUMMOND COMPANY INC 17,926 7.4%
WALTER MINERALS INC 8,944 3.7%
QUAIL RIDGE LAND CO INC 5,588 2.3%
OAK GROVE LAND COMPANY LLC 2,844 1.2%
BAUGHMAN W BRUCE 2,314 1.0%
COMMERCIAL LAND CO INC 1,776 0.7%
WEST JEFFERSON MINERALS 1,747 0.7%
TUTWILER PROPERTIES LTD 1,739 0.7%
Top 5 134,942 55.5%
Top 10 145,363 59.8%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 61.6%

LAMAR COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 387,100
Total private timberland acres: 326,939
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 84.5%
Total timberland absentee owned: 58.3%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
WEYERHAEUSER COMPANY 33,938 10.4%
OGDEN MANAGEMENT CO., INC. 14,193 4.3%
F. OGDEN – MMC – PROPERTIES, LLC 10,699 3.3%
OGDEN PROPERTIES, L.L.C. 8,057 2.5%
ROBINSON, WILLARD 1/2 & 4,695 1.4%
ODOM, CHERIE ANN (LEASED TO WEYERHAEUSER) 3,867 1.2%
AIRLINE MANUFACTURING CO., INC 3,751 1.1%
MURPHY, SAM R., (TRUSTEES OF) 3,374 1.0%
GILMER, CHARLES T., SR. 2,678 0.8%
MCABEE, HAHN, LLC 2,663 0.8%
Top 5 71,582 21.9%
Top 10 87,915 26.9%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 31.9%

LAUDERDALE COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 428,500
Total private timberland acres: 120,837
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 28.2%
Total timberland absentee owned: 36.5%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
RAY, A D 3,425 2.8%
FRANKS, DOROTHY DARNALL ETAL ELIZABETH 2,219 1.8%
WILSON TIMBERLANDS LLC 2,188 1.8%
PATTERSON, TOMMY K 1,534 1.3%
DEERSTEP LLC 1,451 1.2%
GMO THRESHOLD TIMBER LAND COMPANY LLC 1,328 1.1%
EAGLE INVESTMENTS LLC 829 0.7%
THE SPRY GROUP LLC 666 0.6%
RIVEROAK TIMBERLAND INVESTMENTS II LP 658 0.5%
GARNER PROPERTIES LLC 534 0.4%
Top 5 10,818 9.0%
Top 10 14,833 12.3&
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 10.1%

LAWRENCE COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 443,800
Total private timberland acres: 113,558
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 25.588%
Total timberland absentee owned: 57%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
WHEELER JOE PLANTATION OWNERS 7,950.70 7%
GMO THRESHOLD TIMBER COURTLAND 4,443.80 4%
PINEV TOPS LLC 1,239.00 1%
MCBRIDE DARMER JR TRUST 1,130.00 1%
JGS PROPERTIES LTD 1,099.00 1%
ALBEMARLE CORP 678.00 1%
BLYTHE JAMES JR 578.50 1%
HILL VERA NESMITH 566.80 0%
HILLSBORO GIN CO INC 474.40 0%
HDJ LAND & TIMBER LTD 463.00 0%
Top 5 15,862.50 14%
Top 10 18,623.20 16%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 14%

LEE COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 389,600
Total private timberland acres: 220,652
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 56.6%
Total timberland absentee owned: 32.2%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
DUDLEY LUMBER COMPANY INC & related 27,572 12.5%
MWV-LAND SALES INC 10,731 4.9%
CIRCLE N FARM LLC 4,404 2.0%
LAWLER CHARLES W JR & related 3,869 1.8%
CRUM BARBARA D & RELATED 3,675 1.7%
CANNON TIMBER & LAND LLC 3,615 1.6%
TORBERT FARMS LTD 3,016 1.4%
GRAVES FAMILY PARTNERSHIP 1,411 0.6%
SAUNDERS GRANDCHILDREN TIMBERLAND LLP 1,295 0.6%
KOON FAMILY PARTNERSHIP LLLP 1,263 0.6%
Top 5 50,252 22.8%
Top 10 60,852 27.6%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 28.0%

LIMESTONE COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 363,600
Total private timberland acres: 77,714
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 21.4%
Total timberland absentee owned: 27.5%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
JOHNSON JUDY GILBERT, WILLIAM DAVID JOHNSON, JR 1,782 2.3%
ANDERSON FARMS INC 1,336 1.7%
NEWBY FAMILY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP 834 1.1%
PRYOR CO INC 817 1.1%
BELLE MINA FARM, LTD. 800 1.0%
HANEY LTD. 759 1.0%
MORRIS COLLEEN MCCORKLE MARITA 729 0.9%
SHAW TRUST LAND COMPANY LLC 662 0.9%
MURPHY GEORGE E & JOE R & 394 0.5%
ROBERTS MARION P 365 0.5%
Top 5 5,568 7.2%
Top 10 8,477 10.9%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 4.0%

LOWNDES COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 459,500
Total private timberland acres: 260,363
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 56.7%
Total timberland absentee owned: 80.9%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
RAYONIER FOREST RESOURCES 20,752 8.0%
RED MOUNTAIN TIMBER CO. I LLC 18,424 7.1%
CHEAHA TIMBER LLC 11,150 4.3%
TIMBERVEST PARTNERS II ALABAMA LLC 8,860 3.4%
BLOEDEL FOREST INC 6,458 2.5%
WEYERHAEUSER COMPANY 4,257 1.6%
GILMER HILLS HOLDINGS LLC 2,909 1.1%
ACB ENTERPRISES 2,899 1.1%
DRUMMOND DONALD D 2,836 1.1%
PILCHER LAND CORPORATION 2,363 0.9%
Top 5 65,644 25.2%
Top 10 80,907 31.1%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 38.6%

MACON COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 390,800
Total private timberland acres: 240,347
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 61.5%
Total timberland absentee owned: 82.5%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
DUDLEY LUMBER COMPANY 12,578 5.2%
RED MOUNTAIN 5,550 2.3%
WYNCREEK PLANTATION LLC 4,316 1.8%
RUSSELL WILLIAM M JR 3,869 1.6%
THE THOMAS & MARGUERITE CARROLL 3,755 1.6%
TIMBERLANDS II LLC 3,144 1.3%
BLOEDEL FOREST INC 2,905 1.2%
CREEK STAND FARM 2,587 1.1%
MCGREGOR LAND COMPANY INC 2,367 1.0%
HERRON CHARLES E JR 1,998 0.8%
Top 5 30,067 12.5%
Top 10 43,068 17.9%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 26.2%

MADISON COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 515,200
Total private timberland acres: 112,193
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 21.8%
Total timberland absentee owned: 21.5%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
STEVENSON LAND COMPANY LLC 5,993 5.3%
PROPST-WALKER-NEW HOPE LLC 2,100 1.9%
ENFINGER STEELE DEVELOPMENT LLC 1,629 1.5%
ASHLEY, DAVIE R & MARGARET O 1,396 1.2%
RICHMAN, MARY MOTLOW & *** 1,293 1.2%
LAND TRUST OF HUNTSVILLE & NORTH ALABAMA 1,150 1.0%
JONES, G W & SON’S FARM ACCOUNT 1,006 0.9%
PARSONS, VERNON E & 858 0.8%
HOWARD FARMS LLC 853 0.8%
DESE PROPERTIES LLC 681 0.6%
Top 5 12,411 11.1%
Top 10 16,959 15.1%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 13.0%

MARENGO COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 625,400
Total private timberland acres: 434,515
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 69.5%
Total timberland absentee owned: 68.9%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
THE WESTERVELT COMPANY 36,679 8.4%
WEYERHAEUSER COMPANY 31,811 7.3%
SOTERRA, LLC 9,554 2.2%
SPRINGDALE STORES, INC. 8,145 1.9%
TUTT, WALTER V. 7,527 1.7%
FIRST ALA. BANK OF MOBILE 6,624 1.5%
ALLISON, R. A. 5,772 1.3%
THE O’MELIA TIMBERLANDS LTD.P. 4,834 1.1%
AMSOUTH BANK N.A. TRUSTEE * 4,567 1.1%
LEDKINS FARMS, LLC(66.8%) ET AL 4,022 0.9%
Top 5 93,716 21.6%
Top 10 119,535 27.5%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 43.9%

MARION COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 474,500
Total private timberland acres: 360,403
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 76.0%
Total timberland absentee owned: 68.8%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
GMO THRESHOLD TIMBER COURTLAND LLC 41,987 11.65%
RMK REGIONS TIMBERLAND GROUP 31,887 8.9%
WEYERHAEUSER 10,882 3.0%
MONTIS ELIZABETH G AND GEORGE P TRUSTEES 6,146 1.7%
LAND ENGERY LTD 4,480 1.2%
DOBBS WALKER N 3,349 0.9%
SMITH SARAH A & JMS INVESTMENTS INC 3,309 0.9%
PEARCE JAMES & CLARKE TRUST 2,961 0.8%
FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF B’HAM 2,709 0.8%
SMITH KENNETH J & JENNIFER A 2,323 0.6%
Top 5 95,381 26.5%
Top 10 110,032 30.5%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 34.0%

MARSHALL COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 363,000
Total private timberland acres: 130,227
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 35.9%
Total timberland absentee owned: 42.2%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
MAY, WILLIAM N & OTHERS 2,160 1.7%
PARCHES COVE LAND COMPANY LLC 2,077 1.6%
TROUP FAMILY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP 2,020 1.6%
JONES, CARL T & RAYMOND 1,244 1.0%
ROSS, JOHN O SR FAMILY LTD PARTNERSHIP 1,187 0.9%
MARCAVIEW FARMS INC 1,134 0.9%
DREAM RANCH LLC 897 0.7%
TUCKER, DENIE O & PAMELA A TUCKER 621 0.5%
STEVENSON LAND CO LLC 573 0.4%
SOTERRA LLC 562 0.4%
Top 5 8,688 6,7%
Top 10 12,475 9.6%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 7.5%

MOBILE COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 789,400
Total private timberland acres: 302,540
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 38.3%
Total timberland absentee owned: 38.6%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
TENSAW LAND & TIMBER CO INC 23,073 7.63%
ALTMAYER LTD PARTNERSHIP A 19,313 6.4%
CHIPPEWA LAKES LLC 15,457 5.1%
REGIONS BANK TRUST DEPT 14,515 4.8%
AM SOUTH BANK N A  TR DEPT 11,542 3.8%
UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH ALABAMA 10,456 3.5%
GM&O LIMITED PARTNERSHIP A 5,845 1.9%
STALLWORTH LAND CO 5,055 1.7%
LAMBERT GARY S 3,692 1.2%
BASSETT RUTH J 3,533 1.2%
Top 5 83,899 27.7%
Top 10 112,480 37.2%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 43.7%%

MONROE COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 656,600
Total private timberland acres: 533,818
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 81.3%
Total timberland absentee owned: 74.2%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
WEYERHAEUSER COMPANY 38,756 7.3%
RED HILL WEST LLC 29,477 5.5%
RAYONIER WOODLANDS LLC 18,720 3.5%
C/O PDS COMPANIES 11,801 2.2%
BROUGHTON TIMBERLANDS LP 11,456 2.2%
HARRIGAN, DWIGHT FAMILY TRUST 7,846 1.5%
LANGFORD, IRVIN J TRUST 7,412 1.4%
RED MOUNTAIN TIMBER CO IV LLC 7,357 1.4%
WHITE SMITH LAND COMPANY 6,438 1.2%
WILCO PROPERTIES LTD 5,998 1.1%
Top 5 110,210 20.6%
Top 10 110,210 27.2%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 48.0%

MONTGOMERY COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 505,500
Total private timberland acres: 151,844
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 30.0%
Total timberland absentee owned: 28.8%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
BLOEDEL FOREST INC 5,017 3.3%
PLUM CREEK TIMBERLANDS LP 4,818 3.2%
RED MOUNTAIN TIMBERCO I LLC 4,199 2.8%
AUERBACH FARM PROPERTIES LLC 3,971 2.6%
DUDLEY LUMBER CO INC 2,555 1.7%
THIGPEN HILL LLC 1,417 0.9%
MOUNT PROPERTIES LLC 1,331 0.9%
HACKMAN JOHN E 1,266 0.8%
GRAY PRUETT PLANTATION LLC & 1,263 0.8%
PGM PROPERTIES LTD 1,260 0.8%
Top 5 20,560 13.5%
Top 10 27,098 17.9%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 20.8%

MORGAN COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 372,600
Total private timberland acres: 122,902
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 33.0%
Total timberland absentee owned: 32.3%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
FREEMAN FIVE, LLC 2,857 2.3%
BURDEN-CHILDERS LAND COMPANY, L.L.C. 2,272 1.9%
GOLDEN ROD FARMS, INC. 2,162 1.8%
INGRAM FARMS, INC. 2,128 1.7%
HDJ LAND & TIMBER, LTD 1,083 0.9%
SIMS, J. O. & MELONAE W. 748 0.6%
HUDSON, JAMES R., III & JENNIE S. 668 0.5%
MOONEYHAM, JACK T. & JOE C. 543 0.4%
CROWDER FARMS ENTERPRISES, LLC 433 0.4%
COOK, DIANNA H. & RAYMOND, MARGARET *** 429 0.4%
Top 5 10,502 8.5%
Top 10 13,322 10.8%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 8.5%

PERRY COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 460,500
Total private timberland acres: 304,585
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 66.1%
Total timberland absentee owned: 83.5%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
WEYERHAEUSER COMPANY 23,138 7.6%
RED MOUNTAIN TIMBERCO I LLC 22,160 7.3%
WESTERVELT COMPANY THE 16,114 5.3%
AVERY MARY KATHERINE ARBUTHNOT 5,936 2.0%
NICHOLS KENWOOD C. 5,771 1.9%
CHEAHA TIMBER LLC 5,241 1.7%
GLASS MARY ELIZABETH HOLMES 4,231 1.4%
HOLMES CHARLES ALLISON 4,136 1.4%
M L CRAWFORD TIMBERLANDS LL C 1/2 INT 3,686 1.2%
CRAWFORD GEORGE L /1/4  UNDIVIDED INT 3,651 1.2%
Top 5 73,119 24.0%
Top 10 94,063 30.9%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 45.0%

PICKENS COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 564,100
Total private timberland acres: 440,712
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 78.127%
Total timberland absentee owned: 64.2%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
WESTERVELT COMPANY 61,531 14.0%
MELROSE/MCSHAN TIMBER COMPANY INC 27,783 6.3%
WEYERHAEUSER 21,883 5.0%
REESE CHERIE ANN ODOM 9,173 2.1%
BELL YARBRO INVESTMENTS LLC 8,953 2.0%
BALLARD GEORGE W 7,339 1.7%
SKELTON STEVE 6,288 1.4%
PATE TIMBERLAND LLC 6,125 1.4%
RODGERS ENTERPRISES V LLC 5,040 1.1%
MCGEE JOHN 4,468 1.0%
Top 5 129,323 29.3%
Top 10 158,584 36.0%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 46.1%

PIKE COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 429,500
Total private timberland acres: 288,470
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 67.2%
Total timberland absentee owned: 48.7%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
RED MOUNTAIN TIMBERCO I LLC 10,767 3.7%
PLUM CREEK TIMBER COMPANY INC 9,736 3.4%
TIMBERVEST PARTNERS II ALABAMA LLC 7,586 2.6%
SELLERS FAMILY PARTNERSHIP LTD 3,320 1.2%
MARTIN MARIETTA CORPORATION 2,913 1.0%
WHALEY JANE GREEN & ALEX 2,560 0.9%
EDWARDS PROPERTIES LTD 2,329 0.8%
SELLERS W G III 2,239 0.8%
HARRIS KENNETH L JR 2,185 0.8%
SANDERS WILEY C JR 2,011 0.7%
Top 5 34,322 11.9%
Top 10 45,647 15.8%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 22.1%

RANDOLPH COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 371,900
Total private timberland acres: 171,262
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 46.1%
Total timberland absentee owned: 45.7%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
CAHABA FORESTS LLC 15,070 8.8%
PLUM CREEK TIMBERLANDS LP 4,924 2.9%
CROWN PINE REALTY 4 INC. 4,063 2.4%
REDD BROOKE TREE FARM L.P. 2,978 1.7%
FINCHER JAMES W. & NANCY 2,818 1.7%
LOWRY MARK & VANESSA 1,951 1.1%
CLEVELAND FARMS INC. 1,923 1.1%
PERRY WILLIAM STEVE SR. 3 4 INT. 1,735 1.0%
PINECROFT LTD. 1,449 0.9%
LOVVORN TERRY & SHERRY 1,421 0.8%
Top 5 27,035 15.8%
Top 10 36,911 21.6%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 24.7%

RUSSELL COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 410,300
Total private timberland acres: 289,942
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 70.7%
Total timberland absentee owned: 62.8%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
DUDLEY LUMBER COMPANY INC 30,419 10.5%
TIMBERLANDS II LLC 29,667 10.2%
MWV LAND SALES 12,933 4.5%
CARROLL FRANK W & GLORIA S 3,948 1.4%
W C BRADLEY FARMS INC 3,771 1.3%
BICKERSTAFF RICHARD H SR 3,673 1.3%
TORBERT FAMILY PROPERTIES LLC 3,633 1.3%
RUTHERFORD CAPITAL CORPORATION 3,438 1.2%
ALABAMA ASSOCIATED 3,369 1.2%
SOUTHERN TIMBER ENTERPRISE 3,156 1.1%
Top 5 80,738 27.9%
Top 10 98,006 33.8%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 43.1%

SHELBY COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 508,700
Total private timberland acres: 239,824
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 47.1%
Total timberland absentee owned: 59.3%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
WESTERVELT COMPANY THE 50,465 21.0%
UNITED STATES STEEL CORPORATION 23,252 9.7%
CAHABA FORESTS LLC 19,712 8.2%
EBSCO INDUSTRIES INC 8,328 3.5%
GORDON TIMBERLANDS LTD 6,486 2.7%
PINE MOUNTAIN PRESERVE LLLP 5,579 2.3%
JOHN HANCOCK LIFE INS CO 3,963 1.7%
STAMPS PROPERTIES 3,784 1.6%
BARBER COMPANIES INC (THE) 2,647 1.1%
RIVERWOODS HOLDINGS LLC 1,701 0.7%
Top 5 108,243 45.1%
Top 10 121,569 50.7%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 55.4%

ST. CLAIR COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 405,800
Total private timberland acres: 277,860
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 68.5%
Total timberland absentee owned: 52.9%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
SOTERRA LLC 24,237 8.7%
JOHN HANCOCK LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY 10,234 3.7%
ALABAMA POWER COMPANY 8,499 3.1%
LAWLEY LAND & TIMBER LTD 4,909 1.8%
BCL PROPERTIES LLC 3,798 1.4%
NATIONAL CEMENT INC 3,719 1.3%
CROW WARREN BAKER IV ETAL 3,441 1.2%
HEADWATERS INVESTMENTS CORPORATION 3,390 1.2%
BARBER GEORGE W JR 3,004 1.1%
BIRD MAFUS R JR 1,741 0.6%
Top 5 47,879 17.2%
Top 10 65,231 23.5%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 26.3%

SUMTER COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 579,200
Total private timberland acres: 411,393
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 71.0%
Total timberland absentee owned: 73.7%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
WESTERVELT COMPANY 24,353 5.9%
DELANEY DEVELOPMENT INC 27,879 6.8%
ALAWEST-AL L.L.C. 17,279 4.2%
JOHN HANCOCK LIFE INSURANCE SA-52 12,438 3.0%
UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH ALABAMA 10,563 2.6%
WEYERHAEUSER COMPANY 8,664 2.1%
BASCOM SOUTHERN LLC 5,362 1.3%
SHAW FARMS LLC 5,214 1.3%
OSWALT GUY COLEMAN & 5,180 1.3%
MILLER E. S. EST. OF 4,645 1.1%
Top 5 92,511 22.5%
Top 10 121,576 29.6%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 30.1%

TALLADEGA COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 473,300
Total private timberland acres: 195,808
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 41.4%
Total timberland absentee owned: 58.0%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
JOHN HANCOCK LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY 27,134 13.9%
HEADWATERS INVESTMENTS CORP 6,766 3.5%
RANDOLPH CHRISTOPHER SCOTT JR 4,404 2.3%
IMERYS CARBONATES L L C 3,501 1.8%
STEED TIMBER CO INC 3,307 1.7%
HARRISON PATRICIA HUBBARD & JOHN R 2,368 1.2%
HUBBARD JAMES S 1,652 0.8%
JONES INVESTMENT COMPANY 1,554 0.8%
PURSELL INVESTMENTS L P 1,379 0.7%
STOWE CARY L & PATRICE S 1,323 0.7%
Top 5 45,112 23.0%
Top 10 53,387 27.3%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 27.3%

TALLAPOOSA COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: NA
Total private timberland acres: 394,516
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: NA
Total timberland absentee owned: NA


TUSCALOOSA COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 848,200
Total private timberland acres: 659,236
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 77.7%
Total timberland absentee owned: 37.2%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
WESTERVELT COMPANY 65,551 9.9%
ALAWEST-AL LLC 41,932 6.4%
UNITED STATES STEEL LLC 33,625 5.1%
WALTER MINERALS INC 18,696 2.8%
HOLMAN RICHARD P JR ETAL 10,109 1.5%
WEYERHAEUSER COMPANY 8,225 1.3%
ALBERT PLUS LLC 8,093 1.2%
AMSOUTH BANK N A 6,920 1.1%
SYNOVUS TRUST COMPANY N.A. 6,727 1.0%
T H ROBERTSON & SONS INC 5,682 0.9%
Top 5 169,913 25.8%
Top 10 205,560 31.2%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 34.7%

WALKER COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 508,400
Total private timberland acres: 334,636
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 65.8%
Total timberland absentee owned: 39.4%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
ALAWEST-AL L L C 20,116 6.0%
USX CORP 16,325 4.9%
DRUMMOND COAL CO INC 13,845 4.1%
CLEVELAND LTD 9,688 2.9%
EMPIRE COKE CO 9,630 2.9%
SOTERRA LLC 4,521 1.4%
TIMBERVEST PARTNERS ALABAMA LLC 3,391 1.0%
WESTERVELT LAND CO 3,330 1.0%
KILGORE, DON H 3,027 0.9%
SIMMONS GROUP LTD 2,857 0.9%
Top 5 69,604 20.8%
Top 10 86,732 25.9%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 36.4%

WASHINGTON COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 691,700
Total private timberland acres: 621,418
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 89.8%
Total timberland absentee owned: 60.1%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
TENSAW LAND & TIMBER CO. 61,104 9.8%
STALLWORTH LAND CO INC. 24,087 3.9%
CHOCTAW LAND CO. 16,218 2.6%
WILCOX, EDITH 16,205 2.6%
SOUTH ALABAMA LAND AND TIMBER CO., INC. 10,224 1.7%
AM SOUTH BANK N.A. 9,886 1.6%
LAUBENTHAL LAND & TIMBER CO 7,260 1.2%
WHITE SMITH LAND CO. 7,029 1.1%
ESCATAWPA RIVER WOODLANDS, INC. 6,748 1.1%
LAURIE PROPERTIES L.L.C. 2,736 0.4%
Top 5 127,838 20.6%
Top 10 161,497 26.0%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 26.9%

WILCOX COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 568,800
Total private timberland acres: 470,939
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 82.8%
Total timberland absentee owned: 67.1%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
WEYERHAUSER COMPANY 41,240 8.8%
ALCO LAND & TIMBER CO 12,440 2.6%
JOHN HANCOCK MUTUAL LIFE INS 10,767 2.3%
SOTERRA LLC 10,596 2.3%
GULF STATES PAPER CORPORATION 6,667 1.4%
WILKINSON C ALLEN & DOROTHY W 5,740 1.2%
SADLER LAND & TIMBER COMPANY LLC & 4,936 1.1%
ESTES JOHN E SR 4,218 0.9%
LUCE PACKING CO INC 4,095 0.9%
MIDWAY PLANTATION INC 3,842 0.8%
Top 5 81,710 17.4%
Top 10 104,540 22.2%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 39.7%

WINSTON COUNTY, AL

Total acres in county: 393,300
Total private timberland acres: 189,416
Private timberland acres as percent total acres: 48.2%
Total timberland absentee owned: 75.9%

TOP TEN OWNERS
ACRES
% OF TOTAL
RMK SELECT TIMBERLAND INVESTMENT FUND 1 30,645 16.2%
SOTERRA LLC 16,929 8.9%
GMO THRESHOLD TIMBER COURTLAND LLC 11,858 6.3%
LAND ENERGY LTD 2,919 1.5%
TRIPLE M RANCH LLC 2,618 1.4%
MIMS, JAMES COVINGTON 1,948 1.0%
BAILEY, DOYLE J & ANN C 1,470 0.8%
MCWANE SALARIED PENSION PLAN DIRECTED TR 1,342 0.7%
BAILEY, DOYCE R 1,313 0.7%
BTW ENTERPRISES LLC 1,092 0.6%
Top 5 64,969 34.3%
Top 10 72,134 38.1%
Percent of Timberland in holdings of over 1,000 acres 38.6%

There are a number of explanations why this might be so.

  • AMONG THE POSSIBLE EXPLANATIONS FOR THE CASE OF ALABAMA MIGHT BE CONCENTRATION OF TIMBERLAND OWNERSHIP, WHICH WOULD SUGGEST THAT ECONOMIC BENEFITS FROM TIMBER PRODUCTION WOULD NOT BE WIDELY SHARED (BLISS, SISOCK, AND BURCH 1998).
  • A SECOND AND POSSIBLY RELATED EXPLANATION IS THAT ABSENTEE OWNERS CONTROL MUCH OF THE TIMBERLAND AND THAT WEALTH FROM THE LAND FLOWS OUT OF THE LOCAL ECONOMY (BAILEY AND MAJUMDAR 2014).

Recent research involved collecting 2012 ownership data from the tax offices of all 67 Alabama counties to determine who owns timberland in the state. We found that timberland ownership was highly concentrated.

  • TEN OF THE LARGEST ENTITIES OWN 13% OF ALL TIMBERLAND (2.3 MILLION ACRES)
  • THE TOP 30 OWNED OVER 20% (4 MILLION ACRES).
  • 59% OF ALABAMA’S TIMBERLAND WAS OWNED BY ABSENTEE OWNERS
  • 22% WAS OWNED BY ABSENTEES WHO LIVED OUTSIDE THE STATE OF ALABAMA.

This figure on out-of-state absentee ownership is actually misleadingly low as several of the top owners are Timber Investment Management Organizations (TIMOs) or Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs).  The largest of these is a TIMO, Resource Management Services, which manages timberland for pension funds and other investors.  Because RMS is based in Birmingham, the over 600,000 acres they control is considered in-state.  Thirteen of the largest private owners of timberland in Alabama are either REITs or TIMOs and collectively they control 2.2 million acres, over 11 percent of all timberland in Alabama.

One public policy question that has emerged from our research is that property taxes in Alabama are the lowest in the nation on a per capita basis (PARCA 2013) and this has made it more difficult to improve public education and other social services, particularly in rural counties.  Alabama taxes timberland on a “current use” basis that provides an important tax break for owners.  Given the concentration of timberland ownership in Alabama, many people have identified property taxes as an issue worthy of debate.  To date this debate has been stymied by the absence of reliable data documenting who owns timberland in Alabama.  As a researcher at a public university, I take no official position on this question but hope that the data provided through this site will help inform public discourse and debate.

We are using this webpage to share key parts of the data collected as part of a larger research project.  The data are based on property tax records for 2012 for all 67 Alabama counties.  Using the clickable map, you can find for the state as a whole and for each county:

  • TOTAL ACRES OF LAND
  • TOTAL TIMBERLAND ACRES
  • WHO ARE THE TOP TEN OWNERS OF TIMBERLAND
  • WHAT PERCENTAGE OF ALL TIMBERLAND IN THAT COUNTY IS OWNED BY THESE TOP TEN
  • WHAT PERCENT OF ALL TIMBERLAND IS ABSENTEE OWNED (DEFINED BY TAX BILLS MAILED TO AN ADDRESS OUTSIDE THE COUNTY WHERE THE LAND IS LOCATED).

Data on property taxes are public records.  Tax policy is established to achieve a public good.  In the case of Alabama, the state provides tax benefits to owners of farmland, pastureland, and timberland in the form of a “current use” exemption that reduces property tax to 10 percent of appraised value.

The current use value of timberland may be well below market value, especially near metropolitan areas.  That indeed was the purpose of this law, to protect family farmers and timberland owners from having to sell their lands if property taxes were driven upwards by higher-and-best market values which would occur in areas where populations and demand for land were growing.

The data presented here allows for an informed discussion of whether the current use exemption in Alabama is serving the purpose for which it was designed.  Most of Alabama’s timberland is not located near any metropolitan area and the likelihood of commercial, residential, or industrial development having an impact on property values and therefore on tax liabilities related to such land is small.  And the public tax roll data presented here suggest that large absentee owners are benefitting from property taxes commonly understood to be the lowest in the nation.

  • THE CURRENT USE EXEMPTION WAS PUT INTO PLACE IN 1978 AND WAS LAST AMENDED IN 1982.
  • ALMOST 400,000 ALABAMIANS OWN TIMBERLAND AND ARE POTENTIAL BENEFICIARIES OF THIS TAX POLICY.
  • HOWEVER, 220,000 OF THESE OWN LESS THAN TEN ACRES AND ONLY 58,000 OWNED AT LEAST 50 ACRES.
  • THE FIVE LARGEST PRIVATE ENTITIES OWN NEARLY 10 PERCENT OF ALL TIMBERLAND IN ALABAMA
  • THE TOP 30 OWN OVER 20 PERCENT, TOTALING OVER 4 MILLION ACRES.

The state government of Alabama has faced perennial budget crises, particularly with regard to the General Fund.  In Alabama, the Education Fund covering K-12 and higher education is a separate budget and is supported by revenue sources with greater prospects of growth over time compared to the General Fund.  The state receives $6.50 for every $1,000 of assessed value of property.  Reconsidering parts of the current use exemption or changing the millage rate fall into the realm of possible policy options.  Similarly, county governments in Alabama are chronically under-funded, and change either to the current use exemption or to millage rates would improve the ability of local governments to maintain roads, schools, and other necessary services.

In addition to property taxes, timberland owners are subject to two other taxes.  There is an annual tax of $0.10 per acre paid to the state to be used in promoting the forestry sector.  There are also severance and privilege taxes paid when timber is harvested and processed.  These taxes are relatively small ($0.15 per ton for pine logs) and only paid once after years of growth.

The purpose of this webpage is to initiate a fact-based discussion about public policy, not to promote any solution to the complex funding issues facing state and local governments in Alabama.

Data to examine these explanations proved extraordinarily difficult to obtain.  There is no state-wide database of land ownership and it took us a year to collect the data that support this website.  The data were collected for purposes of research with funding from a grant provided by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (award number 2011-68006-31051).

Dr. Andrew Gunnoe had primary responsibility for collecting and analyzing these data while he worked as a post-doctoral fellow on this project.  Dr. Conner Bailey (Agricultural Economics & Rural Sociology) served as Project Director.  Dr. Larry Teeter and Dr. Rebecca Barlow, both of the School of Forestry & Wildlife Sciences, also worked on this project.

Absentee Owner.  An owner was defined as absentee if the property tax bills are mailed to addresses outside the county (and outside the state).  There may be some cases where tax bills are mailed to the office of an attorney or the executor of an estate living outside the county where the land is located but the owners live in the county.  Our review of the data suggests that these cases are relatively few in number and do not affect the overall accuracy of the figures presented.

Millage Rate.  A “mil” is $1.00 per $1,000 of assessed valuation.  Property worth $1,000 would be assessed a property tax of $1.00 multiplied by the millage rate associated with that jurisdiction.  Alabama levies a property tax of 6.5 mills.  County governments have varying millage rates ranging from a low of 17.5 mills in Marion County to a high of 44.5 mills in Macon County.  Millage rates in most Alabama counties are in the low- to mid-20s http://revenue.alabama.gov/advalorem/millagerates.cfm).

Timberland.  As defined by the USDA Forest Service, timberland is defined as land capable of producing 20 cubic feet of wood per acre per year that has not been converted to another use (Hartsell and Johnson 2009).   Timberland is not the same thing as forestland, which has a broader definition, requiring only that at least 10 percent of the land has forest trees of any size, or formerly had such tree cover if that land has not been developed for other purposes (Hartsell and Johnson 2009).  In Alabama, timberland and forest land are nearly synonymous; 99.6 percent of all forestland meets the productivity threshold that would make such land capable of producing wood for industrial purposes (Hartsell 2014).